Introduction to the Holocaust | The Holocaust Encyclopedia

 

holocaust articles for students

HISTORICAL TIMES ARTICLES ON THE HOLOCAUST: Note: The Times archive includes hundreds of articles from the Nazi era and the Holocaust. The following are a selected few. Visit the freebtcoincoin.tk archive to find other articles. On This Day in History: Allies Open Trial of 20 Top Germans For Crimes of . The Holocaust is one of the most terrible events in human history. It occurred during World War II when Hitler was leader of Germany. Six million Jewish people were murdered by the Nazis. This included as many as 1 million Jewish children. Millions of other people that Hitler didn't like were killed. Holocaust, the systematic state-sponsored killing of six million Jewish men, women, and children and millions of others by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during World War II. Today the Holocaust is viewed as the emblematic manifestation of absolute evil. Learn more about the Holocaust in this article.


Articles about the holocaust


Sincethe word has taken on a new and horrible meaning: the mass murder of some 6 million European Jews as well as millions of others, including Gypsies and homosexuals by the German Nazi regime during the Second World War.

To the anti-Semitic Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, Jews were an inferior race, an alien threat to German racial purity and community. Anti-Semitism in Europe did not begin with Adolf Hitler. Though use of the term itself dates only to the s, there is evidence of hostility toward Jews long before the Holocaust—even as far back as the ancient world, holocaust articles for students, when Roman authorities destroyed the Jewish temple in Jerusalem and forced Holocaust articles for students to leave Palestine.

The Enlightenmentduring the 17th and 18th centuries, emphasized religious toleration, and in the 19th century Napoleon and other European rulers enacted legislation that ended long-standing restrictions on Jews. Anti-Semitic feeling endured, however, in many cases taking on a racial character rather than a religious one. On January 30, holocaust articles for students,he was named chancellor of Germany, holocaust articles for students. At first, the Nazis reserved their harshest persecution for political opponents such as Communists or Social Democrats.

The first official concentration camp opened at Dachau near Munich in Marchand many of the first prisoners sent there were Communists. Like the network of concentration camps that followed, becoming the killing grounds of the Holocaust, Dachau was under the control of Heinrich Himmlerhead of the elite Nazi guard, holocaust articles for students, the Schutzstaffel SSholocaust articles for students later chief of the German police.

InJews in Germany numbered around , or only 1 percent of the total German population. Under the Nuremberg Laws ofanyone with three or four Jewish grandparents was considered a Jew, while those with two Jewish grandparents were designated Mischlinge half-breeds. Under the Nuremberg Laws, Jews became routine targets for stigmatization and persecution. From tohundreds of thousands of Jews who were able to leave Germany did, while those who remained lived in a constant state of uncertainty and fear.

In Septemberthe German army occupied the western half of Poland. German police soon forced tens of thousands of Polish Jews from their homes and into ghettoes, giving their confiscated properties to ethnic Germans non-Jews outside Germany who identified as GermanGermans from the Reich or Polish gentiles.

Surrounded by high walls and barbed wire, the Jewish ghettoes in Poland functioned like captive city-states, governed by Jewish Councils. In addition to widespread unemployment, poverty and hunger, overpopulation made the ghettoes breeding grounds for disease such as typhus.

Meanwhile, beginning in the fall ofNazi officials selected around 70, Germans institutionalized for mental illness or disabilities to be gassed to death in the so-called Euthanasia Program. After prominent German religious leaders protested, Hitler put an end to the program in Augustthough killings of the disabled continued in secrecy, and by somepeople deemed handicapped from all over Europe had been killed.

In hindsight, it seems clear that the Euthanasia Holocaust articles for students functioned as a pilot for the Holocaust. Beginning inJews from all over the continent, as well as hundreds of thousands of European Gypsies, were transported to the Holocaust articles for students ghettoes. The German invasion of the Soviet Union in June marked a new level of brutality in warfare.

Mobile killing units called Einsatzgruppenwould murder more thanSoviet Jews and others usually by shooting over the course of the German occupation. Since Juneexperiments with mass killing methods had been ongoing at the concentration camp of Auschwitznear Krakow. The SS soon placed a huge order for the gas with a German pest-control firm, an ominous indicator of the holocaust articles for students. Beginning in lateholocaust articles for students, the Germans began mass transports from the ghettoes in Poland to the concentration camps, starting with those people viewed as holocaust articles for students least useful: the sick, old and weak and the very young.

The first mass gassings began at the camp of Belzec, near Lublin, on March 17, Five more holocaust articles for students killing centers were built at camps in occupied Poland, including Chelmno, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek and the largest of all, Auschwitz-Birkenau, holocaust articles for students.

From toJews were deported to the camps from all over Europe, including German-controlled territory as well as those countries allied with Germany. The heaviest deportations took place during the holocaust articles for students and fall ofwhen more thanpeople were deported from the Warsaw ghetto alone.

Fed up with the deportations, disease and constant hunger, the inhabitants of the Warsaw Ghetto rose up in armed revolt.

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising from April May 16, ended in the death of 7, Jews, with 50, survivors sent to extermination camps. But the resistance fighters had held off the Nazis for almost a month, and their revolt inspired revolts at camps and ghettos across German-occupied Europe.

Though the Nazis tried to keep operation of camps secret, the scale of the killing made this virtually impossible. Eyewitnesses brought reports of Nazi atrocities in Poland to the Allied governments, who were harshly criticized after the war for their failure to respond, or to publicize news of the mass slaughter. This lack of action was likely mostly due to the Allied focus on winning the war at hand, but was also a result of the general incomprehension with which news of the Holocaust was met and the denial and disbelief that such atrocities could be occurring on such a scale.

At Auschwitz alone, holocaust articles for students, more than 2 million people were murdered in a process resembling a large-scale industrial operation.

A large population of Jewish and non-Jewish inmates worked in the labor camp there; though only Jews were gassed, thousands of others died of starvation or disease.

And ineugenicist Josef Mengele arrived in Auschwitz to begin his infamous experiments on Jewish prisoners. His special area of focus was conducting medical experiments on twinsinjecting them with everything from petrol to chloroform under the guise of giving them medical treatment.

By the spring ofGerman leadership was dissolving amid internal dissent, with Goering and Himmler both seeking to distance themselves from Hitler and take power.

The following day, Hitler committed suicide. The last trace of civilization had vanished around and inside us.

The work of bestial degradation, begun by the victorious Germans, had been carried to conclusion by the Germans in defeat.

The wounds of the Holocaust—known in Hebrew as Shoah, or catastrophe—were slow to heal. Survivors of the camps found it nearly impossible to return home, as in many cases they had lost their families and been denounced by their non-Jewish neighbors. As a result, the late s saw an unprecedented number of refugees, POWs and other displaced populations moving across Europe. In an effort to punish the villains of the Holocaust, the Allies held the Nuremberg Trials ofwhich brought Nazi atrocities to horrifying light.

Increasing pressure on the Allied powers to create a homeland for Jewish survivors of the Holocaust would lead to a mandate for the creation of Israel in holocaust articles for students But if you see holocaust articles for students that holocaust articles for students look right, click here to contact us!

Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. Auschwitz, also known as Auschwitz-Birkenau, opened in and was the largest of the Nazi concentration and death camps. Located in southern Poland, Auschwitz initially served as a detention center for political prisoners, holocaust articles for students. However, it evolved into a network of camps where The instability created in Europe by the First World War set the stage for another international conflict—World War II—which broke out two decades later and would prove even more devastating.

Rising to power in an economically and politically unstable Germany, Adolf Hitler capitalized on economic woes, popular discontent and political infighting to take absolute power in Germany beginning in Facing economic, social, and political oppression, thousands of German Jews wanted to flee the Third Reich but found few countries willing to accept them.

Heinrich Himmlera Malkin uttered the words to a balding Mercedes-Benz factory worker headed home from work on May 11, And when the Inthe year Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany, he named Joseph Goebbelshis trusted friend and colleague, to the key post of minister for public enlightenment and propaganda.

In this capacity, Goebbels was charged with presenting Hitler to Before arriving at the death camp, she had been stuffed into a train car on a seemingly endless journey from Hungary. Now, she and her twin sister Miriam This Day In History. Nazi Revolution in Germany, Remembering the Holocaust. Holocaust Concentration Camps. Who Freed Him. Auschwitz Auschwitz, holocaust articles for students, also known as Auschwitz-Birkenau, opened in and was the largest of the Nazi concentration and death camps.

Joseph Goebbels Inthe year Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany, he named Joseph Goebbelshis trusted friend and colleague, to the key post of minister for public enlightenment and propaganda.

 

The Holocaust: A Learning Site for Students | The Holocaust Encyclopedia

 

holocaust articles for students

 

Holocaust, the systematic state-sponsored killing of six million Jewish men, women, and children and millions of others by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during World War II. Today the Holocaust is viewed as the emblematic manifestation of absolute evil. Learn more about the Holocaust in this article. Antisemitism is a starting place for trying to understand the tragedy that would befall countless numbers of people during the Holocaust. Near the end of the war, when Germany's military force was collapsing, the Allied armies closed in on the Nazi concentration camps. In the months following the. Sep 01,  · News about Holocaust and the Nazi Era, including commentary and archival articles published in The New York Times.