Maintaining mutual relations and getting approval of others, wanting to please and help others happens at stage three. In stage four, an individual begins social concern and having a conscience, and understanding the principles of authority.
In level three, post-conventional morality, development is in early adolescence, young adulthood—or never. Stage five of level three describes a person developing, or understanding morality of contract, individual rights, and democratically accepting the law. In this stage, people are aware of principles and think rational deciding between human need and the law. Morality of universal ethical principles is the concept of stage six. Cognitive development occurs in three interrelated processes, according to Piaget.
The interrelated processes are organization, adaptation, and equilibration. Sensori-motor yrs Differentiates self from objects and recognizes self as agent of action and begins to act intentionally: Pre-operational years Learns to use language and to represent objects by images and words. Thinking is still egocentric: Classifies objects by a single feature: Classifies objects according to several features and can order them in series along a single dimension such as size. The major points of similarity, or agreement, in each viewpoint are; development occurs in stages in all three perspectives, and all theorists believe development begins from birth.
Avan and Kirkwood, While Freud highlights the importance aspects of child development, critics would point out that his tendency to focus on sexual urges to explain his concepts.
Another weakness is that the theory seems to be Eurocentric and does not take into account none European cultures. I did not understand why Sara was not able to talk; I was comparing her with my son who was able to talk by the age of two.
Why do we need to know child development? A good knowledge of child development and understanding theories that underpin such knowledge is essential, because it allows us to understand the concept of child development, hence theories of child development.
Similarly, understanding theories of language development can help us identify how children such as Sara develop their own language and communication skills. It is therefore important that Social workers understand the process of human growth and how children such as Sara acquire language acquisition.
Doherty and Hughes, There are a number of theories associated with child development; behaviourism and nativists are two of them. Behaviourism focuses on the process of language acquisition, it suggest that children learn through observation and reinforcement. Behaviourist such as Watson and B.
Clearly, Sara used language to label objects of interest to her. In one occasion, I observed Sara naming shapes. When I enquired how Sara learned these, objects, I was told she uses ipad at home. Thus, theoretical knowledge is the key to effective intervention and good assessment when assessing children in need and their families. The observation and my ongoing learning of aspect of human growth module allowed me to become aware of positions of power and how such power can impact child development.
For example, parents or staff at day-care centres or even a social worker abusing their power when dealing with children. Furthermore, while this perspective emphasis on nurturing through reinforcement, in contrast, nativist proponent such as Noam Chomsky would argue that children have their own way of learning language without being reinforced by adults. These different views helped me understand more about children growth and their language development.
Before the observation, I rarely thought and tried to find out how children develop their language skills. But having read the deference perspectives about children development helped me understand and gave me a basic knowledge about child development. He argued that children learn by example, they tend to copy the language or behaviour they see or hear being used around them.
But as learning through social interaction that involve observing what others are doing, learning from them and then communicating with them. During my third observation, I observed number of factors which I taught were crucial in child development. Sara was playing with her peers away from where I was. This gave me an opportunity to observe her in naturalistic setting.
She was able to play alone and with groups and was clearly learning from them. Although it is clear that social factors play a part, I would argue that it is the former that is the most important. The child development essay has a good introduction that clearly sets out what the two opposing opinions are this is done by paraphrasing the question.
The thesis sentence last sentence of the introduction then clearly states what will be in the essay - a discussion of the two opinions. The body paragraphs are coherent - each one clearly discusses one of the opinions. Topic sentences have also been used effectively in each body paragraph to identify the topic and controlling idea:. Note the use of ' however ' to show that a contrasting opinion is to be given.
This gives the writing coherence. The topic sentence of the second body paragraph also makes it clear that this other side of the argument is also the writers opinion.
There is some good topic related vocabulary. There are a mix of complex sentences in the child development essay. The candidates opinion is made clear in the second body paragraph, but the candidate clearly clarifies it in the conclusion and also summarises the main ideas of the essay again.
They are from the Academic and General Test. You can also post t…. Hello, It's been a long time. I noticed I wasn't good enough and I spent several weeks to enhance my writing. Please judge my latest one.
An essay discussing the role of a parent in child development. An evaluation of a child's development of social skills, and the influence of parents.
Child Development Study For my child development study I am going to observe how a child shows their physical, emotional, social and intellectual development and skills.
- Introduction In this essay I am going to show my understanding of a child's early emotional development based on the psychoanalytical view of child development. I will show how emotional skills gained in the early years can be of a significant relevance to later life. Child Development Essay for IELTS. The essay is about the factors that affect the way that children develop. It provides you with a model answer and comments on the response to help you know how to improve your band score.
Child Development, Pyschology, Informative - Theories of Child Development. Free Essay: The cognitive process of child development and learning has influenced theorists such as Piaget, Vygtosky, Montessori, Bruner and Dewey to.