In these examples, the students had minutes to produce an essay on a topic given them at the test and were not permitted to use dictionaries or other aids.
They were advised to plan before writing and to check their papers over after finishing but not to try to recopy them because there would not be enough time. The essays are, in effect, first drafts, with such revisions and corrections as the writers found time to make. It should be understood that in passing these papers the faculty is recognizing realistically the differences between an impromptu piece of writing and a paper prepared outside of class with adequate time for revising and polishing.
We provide here a sample essay topic, together with the scoring guide, and three sample essays, rated "6" Superior , "5" Strong , and "4" Meets Expectations. Long a kitchen table staple in European households, sparkling water is making inroads in the U.
Between and , the volume of carbonated bottled water sold in the U. Soda drinking declined sharply during the same period. Still, sparkling water sales are a fraction of soda sales. According to Euromonitor International, Sparkling Water sales grew from million liters per year to million liters per year in , and are projected to grow to almost million liters per year in The decline in millions of liters of soda sold in the U.
Note that the scale is very different from the chart above, with soda sales still dwarfing sparkling water sales. According to Euromonitor International, soda sales fell from 40 billion liters per year to about 32 billion liters per year in , and are projected to fall to just over 30 billion liters per year in The opportunity for variety is another factor in the sparkling water boom.
These beverages are available in a range of flavors, from orange-pineapple to kiwi-strawberry. Feliciano noted that most mainstream soda comes in just cola and lemon-lime flavors.
The growth in sales at Washington-based Talking Rain Beverage Company, which makes flavored sparkling water, has pretty much directly mirrored the rise of the beverage's popularity. Sparkling Ice, a Talking Rain line of zero-calorie sparkling water in flavors like pink grapefruit and peach nectarine, is responsible for most of that growth.
SodaStream is betting big that interest in sparkling water continues to grow. The at-home carbonation machine company has shifted its marketing in recent months to focus more on the product's ability to make sparkling water and less on its ability to make soda.
So far, just 1. Write a purposeful and thorough essay in which you explore your thoughts on the topic raised in the reading. Each essay is read and evaluated by at least two faculty members in a carefully planned and supervised reading. Each reader scores an essay on a scale of 1 to 6, and the two scores are combined.
A score of 8 or above is passing. See sample scoring guide and sample essays below. It is the intention of CSUN to report test results that accurately reflect each student's performance. Test administration and test security standards are designed to assure that all test takers are given the same opportunity to demonstrate their abilities and to prevent anyone from having an unfair advantage over others because of testing irregularities.
With this in mind, in rare cases in which there is a question about the validity of a student's essay, the UDWPE Advisory Board reserves the right to request that a student take a retest at no cost to the student. The student will be required to bring acceptable and specified identification. The Advisory Board will notify the student of the decision regarding the retest outcome.
Superior 6 — Addresses the topic and remains highly-focused on the complexity of the issues raised in the reading passage; offers variety and sophistication in sentence structure, diction, and vocabulary, and exhibits an excellent command of written English. Strong 5 — Addresses the topic and maintains its focus on many of the issues raised in the reading passage; offers variety in sentence structure, diction, and vocabulary, and exhibits a strong command of written English.
Meets Expectations 4 — Addresses the topic, and though it may waver in its focus, it has engaged the primary issue raised in the reading passage; exhibits proficiency in written English through the use of vocabulary as expressed in coherent sentences and developed paragraphs; while the essay may contain some grammatical flaws including common ESL-related locutions , they do not detract from the overall effect or clarity of the writing. May be a blank exam or one containing only a few sentences.
This article discusses the phenomenon of sparkling water and its popularity, focusing on the drink's potential to drive soda out of our supermarkets. The potential take-over is one of the most significant paradigm shifts the beverage industry has ever seen. Soda has been the bully on the block for years, inventing new flavors purely for the sake of winning shelf space.
Now, for the first time, soda consumption has declined by nearly twenty-five percent, while sparkling water consumption has gone up to balance the change. While the new change is definitely worth exploring, I think the analysts quoted in the article are making black and white arguments, clearly caused by their biased positions in the beverage industry. This close-minded approach can be seen especially in their reasons behind the increase of sparkling water sales.
They argue that the change is being caused by health concerns, the public's desire for variety, and economic factors like low income. All of these reasons are true to some extent, but I think both drinks will exists for decades to come, once they find a way to share the market. Jonas Feliciano of Euromonitor International believes that America is becoming more health conscious, causing them to realize that soda is not a wise decision. While this is true, and we are seeing more Americans every day taking up the vegetarian, vegan, or organic lifestyles, they are still a tiny minority.
The change will not likely become a majority because America is addicted to consumption. It is part of a national mentality of excess from fast food to caffeine addiction, and no addiction is easy to kick. The world saw a similar phenomenon when cigarettes were invented. They were believed to be healthy, then proven to be lethal, and everyone thought the cigarette industry would die as a result. Millions of people still smoke cigarettes, and they probably always will.
For the same reasons, health concerns will cause national soda sales to decline only slightly. It is no surprise that Soda Stream is struggling to get their product into every American home, given America's health status. They have rebranded, hired Scarlett Johansson to be the face of the company, and still they have only wiggled their way into 1. This is because we are one of the unhealthiest countries. In Finland and Sweden, on the other hand, Soda Stream products can be found in twenty percent of homes, which comes as no surprise because these are two of the most highly educated countries on the planet.
Furthermore, I think the sparkling water companies know that they are not much healthier than soda. Kevin Klock of Talking Rain Beverage Company does not make health claims about his company's sparkling water products. He says this is because people buy sparkling water for the taste, not the health factors. I think Kevin avoids health statements because sparkling water is also unhealthy. The flavoring comes from sugar, just like soda. Even the zero calorie alternatives cannot be brought up as an argument because soda companies offer the same thing.
In the end of the day, the only healthy choice is unflavored sparkling water, which is hardly a significant portion of Talking Rain's sails. Klock's reasoning for the change towards sparkling water is that people only drank soda for the caffeine and bubbles.
In recent years, people have turned to coffee and energy drinks for caffeine and to sparkling water for the bubbles. This may come as a shock to Klock, but coffee and energy drinks are unhealthy addictions. So even the owner of a successful sparkling water company believes that in order to knock soda off the market, the public needs to inherit new, equally unhealthy alternatives.
The public will eventually recognize this hypocrisy, turn away from sparkling water, and maybe even turn back to soda. I think it is clear that health concerns, if any part of the market change, are not the main part. Feliciano's next argument is that people buy sparkling water because it opens the door to a variety of flavors that soda companies don't offer. He claims that most sodas come in cola or lemon-lime flavors. Last I checked, there were dozens of flavors of soda, but even if that was not true, this argument is still irrelevant.
Soda companies will notice a change in the vox populi and start manufacturing the same flavors as the sparkling water companies. Long before their shelf space is overtaken, the soda companies will find a way to capitalize on the pioneer work of the sparkling water companies.
Finally, there is the issue of income. Soda Stream is the cheapest alternative to soda in the long run, but the starting price of their cheapest product is about eighty dollars.
This is not a price low-income households are willing to pay. Feliciano points out that in addition to the slight difference in production costs, soda has an advantage because of promotional deals that are rarely offered for sparkling water in supermarkets and convenience stores. Again, this is a very true statement, but it is only temporary. If sparkling water sales continue to increase at the rates we are currently witnessing, stores will offer the same promotions for sparkling water as they do for soda.
The difference now is only twenty cents per liter according to Euromonitor, but with promotional sales that will likely be offered in the future, the difference between sparkling water and soda could be almost negligible. In the end of the day, all of these arguments hold some truth. Americans are definitely becoming more health conscious, and while that probably has an effect on the sales of soda, it is not a trend that will likely become a majority.
Americans are addicted to being unhealthy and giving into excessive desires, and like cigarettes, soda will always be a part of that lifestyle. Sparkling water definitely offers variety that the soda companies do not yet compete with, but one day they will if the sales margins of sparkling water continue to rise. Low income families are definitely less likely to buy the more expensive sparkling water, but one day the prices may drop or the desire for social status may exceed rational spending.
The future of the beverage industry is not so black and white. Hofstra's Writing Proficiency Exam is an essay exam intended to ensure that Hofstra students display competence as writers, regardless of their majors or the number of writing courses they have taken.
Students who do not pass the exam will be able to strengthen their writing through a 1-credit Writing Workshop class or through one-on-one tutoring at Hofstra's Writing Center. Print it out and mark it up -- make notes in the margins!
Look up all unfamiliar words, names, references, and ideas in the essay. Think about your reaction to the essay: Do you agree or disagree with the author's ideas?
Begin to outline what you think and why you think so. Consider why someone might disagree with you and why your position may nevertheless be correct. At the exam held during Finals Week for WSC 2 students and in the middle of semester for transfer students , you will receive a second, shorter essay connected to the same topic. Your mission is to write a clear, concise argumentative essay based on BOTH of the essays that have been provided to you.
This essay takes an insightful position that demonstrates critical engagement with the required readings. The essay takes a supported position and consistently develops it with references to the required texts.
Quotations are frequently mishandled i. The essay displays a command of grammatical and stylistic principles.
Writing Proficiency Exam (WPE) English Placement; Fifteen Tips on Writing the WPE Essay. Read the short essay carefully, and be sure that you understand the task. Each short reading contains the vocabulary and terms that a college-educated student is expected to know and understand. The University Writing & Rhetoric Center offers.
CPE Exam Tips (or How to Pass Proficiency) June 5, by Andrew Girardin. So you've nailed Advanced and now you're thinking of doing Proficiency? I get mails from lots of students in the same boat as you, all asking if I plan to do a website about CPE. This page is probably the most helpful for the exam in general and writing in.
Page 1 of 3 Tips for passing the Upper Division Writing Proficiency Exam [email protected] [ updated: Friday, May 4, ] “Writing is thinking on paper.”. Preparing for the Writing Proficiency Exam (WPE) Reviewing the writing skills you have learned throughout your time in high school and college can help you prepare to succeed on the WPE. There are also a number of resources to help you with WPE preparation.
Writing Proficiency Exam Hofstra's Writing Proficiency Exam is an essay exam intended to ensure that Hofstra students display competence as writers, regardless of their majors or the number of writing courses they have taken. Tips for Passing the Proficiency Exam. Preparing for the Writing Proficiency Exam To prepare for the Writing Proficiency Exam, consider the nature of the exam: it asks you to produce a persuasive, thesis-driven essay and use standard written American English.