First of all we are to deal with the roots that developed the idea of gender bias in labor division and that has started with the analytical thinking seen in the psychoanalysis of Freud and the evolutionary psychological perspectives of Buss and Geary.
Their works surely have played a fundamental role in the interpretation of the society of men and women, which consolidated the idea of what we see today as the unequal labor division, but the new era came up with new professionals, such as Robert Trivers, in the domain that has balanced more or less the ideatic aspects of gender in society. After all, as Brinton states, the focalization of the individuum should fall onto its contribution to the workplace, whatever the gender, rather than on its chronological adapted stereotype, rooting from its fundamental ancestral role.
The evolution of desire. Three essays on the theory of sexuality. The evolution of human sex differences. American Psychological Association, Sexual selection and the descent of man. Aldine de Gruyter, Your email address will not be published. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Get access to the list of our best samples for free. We divided them into categories of various types of papers and disciplines for your convenience.
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Scott and Schwartz, When the issue is approached, it is evident that the majority of the women are the oppressed as in turn the men being the oppressor.
This idea of the oppressed vs. For example, in the Bible, God had caught Adam and Eve eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which was forbidden. Your desire will be for you husband, and he will rule over you. Around the mid-nineteenth century until nowadays, three beliefs about women and men have prevailed as part of biology or evolution.
Considering these three beliefs, women experience gender inequality in different environments, stereotypes, and occupations. For example, women are stereotyped to be only a stay at home wife and to be in an environment where they are responsible for cleaning the house, cooking dinner, and taking care of the children. Nowadays, there are more women known to have jobs and not a stay at home wife, but yet they are still responsible, or show some responsibility for cleaning the house, cooking dinner, and taking care of the children.
As for occupations among women, they experience the limitations of the occupations available. Women also experience less pay or earnings, and the devaluation of their work by society.
An article, Social Class and Gender, written by Nancy Andes, expresses occupational stratification by gender inequality through the comparison of three theoretical frameworks or perspectives.
The first theoretical framework is the sex segregation model, which is where sex is the only characteristic that affects the placement of a worker into a profession or occupation.
The third theoretical framework that is used is the integrated gendered social class model, which is where gender and class perform together that affect the positioning of women and or men in the labor force. After Andes introduces the three theoretical frameworks, she explains each frameworks or approaches in depth, in relation to a table that expresses the earnings and occupations of men and women.
The source of the table, or known as empirical evidence, is taken from the UC Bureau of the Census in The table expressed many different types of employment in the labor force. By comparing the annual earnings between men and women, the table illustrates that the men made, give and take, 10, dollars more than the women. The numbers in the table suggest that differences in the labor market are valid, under the conditions of class position and segregation.
After introducing the three theoretical frameworks and the empirical evidence, Andes illustrates many of her goals through this analysis. But her main ultimate goal is to find which theoretical perspective or framework is best supported by empirical evidence. In order for this analysis to happen, different data and methods were conducted, gathered, analyzed, and compared.
Formal power refers to the traditional concepts of the ability to legitimately exercise control over a subordinate worker. Loe also notes the interesting addition to her theory of power in the workplace by suggesting that informal power is capable of undermining the formal power structure in the workplace.
Perhaps a strategy then for the exploited female subordinate class could be to develop an autonomous informal power structure to balance against the patriarchal dominance of their supervisors.
Another source of conflict between genders is a very specific issue of power and control, mainly the existence of sexual harassment in the workplace. This gender behavior varies in its definition due to its subjective nature, however it can generally be described as unwanted sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, creating a hostile, intimidating or offensive work environment, or more simply unwelcome verbal or physical conduct of a sexual or gender related nature.
The organizational model suggests that the structural aspects of organizations promote power inequalities between individuals and set the stage for sexual harassment; while sociocultural models reflect a feminist perspective, conceptualizing sexual harassment as an outcome of patriarchal systems that enable men. Page 1 of 8. Rebecca Brooker Soc Online Gender Inequality This paper is an analysis of contemporary issues associated with gender and power in the workplace; which will specifically include a discussion of gender relations, stereotyping, women's identity, the structuring of formal and informal power, sources of inequality, and sexual harassment.
The organizational model suggests that the structural aspects of organizations promote power inequalities between individuals and set the stage for sexual harassment; while sociocultural models reflect a feminist perspective, conceptualizing sexual harassment as an outcome of patriarchal systems that enable men to exercise sexual power to assert and maintain male dominance.
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Gender inequality or also known as gender stratification, is the unequal distribution of a society’s wealth, power, and privilege between females and males. (Scott and Schwartz, ). When the issue is approached, it is evident that the majority of the women are the oppressed as .
Like others, a social problem that is widespread in American society is Gender inequality. It is a problem that has had a negative impact on American society. Gender inequality can be found in many sub-systems of America. It is important to understand what gender inequality is in order to identify /5(17). Gender inequality is amongst us all in any given society. Although gender is not as simple as may seem. Gender comes into play along with a number of different aspects such as sex, gender and gender roles. Each of these aspects play a significant part when speaking of the different social problems e.
Gender Inequality is the differences in the status, power and prestige women and men have in groups, collectivities and societies. Gender inequality usually affects women more . Throughout history, gender inequality continues to be an issue that is not always on everybody's mind. Gender inequality is the unequal treatment or views of people based on 3/5(19).