Egocentric sectionalism and the rise of Southern Nationalism, compounded by increasingly poor race relations , were key factors in creating the conditions whereby a civil war could occur — a notion supported by evidence from key political figures at the time, such as Lincoln and Stephens.
These two sociopolitical phenomena seem to have fed back into each other, whereby the exposure of regional difference incited the growth of Southern Nationalism, which in turn represented an exacerbation of provincial differences. These developments led to what appeared to be an irresolvable struggle over political power between the North and South, resulting in the American Civil War.
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The South, or the Slave States, was a slave-based community that followed a class-based system. This system consisted of aristocracy, middle class and then slavery. Many depended on slaves and were accustomed to this way of life, which was hard to change. Plantation owners had slaves working for them, and those who could not afford to own slaves would work on their own farm.
The North, or Free States, had more immigrants settling in its areas, where labour was needed, but not the labour of slaves. Therefore it had a more industrialized society where most people worked in factories, and did not follow a class system. The Northerners opposed to Slavery as an institution in the South, as the Confederate States were the only region in the world that still legalized the ownership of slaves. This angered the Southerners and threatened their way of life. The election of Abraham Lincoln, as president was viewed by the South as a threat to slavery.
By time, economic differences also developed between the two regions. The Southern states were agrarian states, and depended on agriculture rather than industrialization. After the Cotton Gin was invented, it increased the need for slaves and made cotton the chief crop of the South. This increased the South's dependence on the plantation system and its vital component, slavery. But by then, the North was prospering industrially.
The North depended on factories and other industrialized businesses. For this reason many of the new immigrants settled north, while very few settled south. This allowed the North to grow industrially, while making the South more hostile towards them. The Confederacy resisted any kind of industrialization and manufactured as little as possible. Southern economy opposed high taxes, as manufacturing was limited.
But the Northern states welcomed high taxes to protect its products from cheap foreign competition. As a result, the South preferred not to accept most improvements that were made by the federal government, such as roads and canals, in order to keep taxes low.
Another major problem that occurred was the competition between the North and South for more land. Both regions wanted to expand socially and economically westwards. The South wanted more agrarian states, while the North wanted to be able to expand industrial-wise. Confederate states felt that more agrarian states would help protect their economy and society in the future.
The Union also felt that expansion would help their future as an industrialized country. As competition grew between the two sides, unrest grew with it, eventually resulting in the Civil War. Politically, the States were not any more united in their point of views. Expanding westwards did would not only help each side socially, and economically, but also politically.
Nevertheless, this was shot down for further debate. The Compromise was formed by Henry Clay and others to handle the balance between free states and slave, southern and northern interests.
One among the many provisions was the fugitive slave act initially discussed. Also, the Kansa-Nebraska Act further increased tensions In fact, it formed two new territories that would enable the states to utilise popular rule to determine whether they would be slave or free. They were referred to as "Border Ruffinas". Fighting immense violence broke out in Lawrence Kansas which was later referred to as Bleeding Kansas. Surprisingly, the violence erupted on the senate floor when Charles Sumner antislavery proponent was beat over head by Preston Brooks the Senator of South Carolina at the time As time went by, the people of the north became more polarized against slavery.
As a matter of fact, sympathies started growing against slaveholder and slavery, and for abolitionists. This took place particularly after some major events which included the Dred Scott Case, the fugitive slave act passage, Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin publishing and John Brown's Raid that held people responsible for hiding fugitive slaves even in cases where the slaves were situated in non-slave states.
Even though matters were already coming to an end in when Lincoln was elected, South Carolina issued the declaration of the causes of secession. The people believed that Lincoln was in favor of Northern interests as well as anti-slavery. Causes of the Civil War. Affiliate Program Refer our service to your friends!
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Nov 20, · Essay on The Civil War and Reconstruction. The Civil War was the turning point in the US history, while the Reconstruction era has completed the achievements of the Civil War and changes launched by the war/5(10).
Artillery and Weapons of the Civil War - Every war, though happens for a reason and bring a better change, is often gruesome. The Civil War broke America in two groups and, at the time, was the war with the most casualties and injured men.
Civil War Essay The Civil War was the most divisive war in American history. In the early s, the United States experienced a growth of nationalism and unity, but . Causes of the Civil War Essay. The Causes Of The Civil War The Political War The North and South fought over politics, mainly the idea of slavery. Basically the South wanted and needed it and the North did not want it at all. The South was going to do anything they could to keep it. This was the issue that overshadowed all others.
horrific war began. Nobody had any idea that this war would become the deadliest war in American history. It wasn’t a regular war, it was a civil war opposing the Union in the North and the Confederate States in the South. The Impact of the American Civil War on the Rights and Lives of Black in the U.S.